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Prof Ralf Wetzel

Business leaders could learn a lot about change management from Tango Dancers, according to Ralf Wetzel, top management professor at Vlerick Business School.

Wetzel, working with psychologist and dancer Frauke Nees, says there are three things that characterize the Argentine tango, which leaders would do well to study before embarking upon a change management project:

1. Improvise

The Tango is based on improvised movement. There are a few steps that can be combined but there are no standardised procedures. Classic change management concepts rely on formalized and linear step- models far away from the flux nature of societal dynamics, restricting the leader in their ability to adapt to new situations.

But leaders should harness the power of improvisation and instant adaptation to new situations. Change leadership becomes much more effective when leaders learn to improvise.

2. Profit from asymmetry

In the Tango there is a clear role distinction between a leader and follower. It is clear who is giving directions and who is performing this.

Contrary to very recent and modern concepts of collective or `Vagabond’ leadership, which praise the absence of hierarchy between leaders and followers, this asymmetry is highly effective in providing clarity, a visible sense of direction and quick decision-making. However, this asymmetry must not to be mistaken with dictatorial leadership or powerless submission of the follower, it must be based on a trustful and relationship instead.

3. Embrace emotion, protect pride

The Tango is a performance of desire, passion, seduction, despair and the struggle for recognition. It therefore plays out a vocabulary of emotions, which are commonly unacknowledged in modern change management concepts.

“Change management projects are emotionally charged – employees are proud of their work and this can be damaged in the process of altering the way things are done. Tango dancers protect each other’s pride during a performance by turning mistakes into deliberate moves, and good leaders should similarly seek to ensure their employees take pride in what they do and that their pride is not hurt in any upheaval. “ says professor Ralf Wetzel.

For more information or to speak to professor Wetzel, please contact Alexandra Dobocan at or call +44 (0)1582 790 709

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